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为您整理初中英语超全303条结构类型的短语 ,京航教育一篇搞定!

时间:2019-11-02 来源:本站编辑 作者:京航教育

今天为大家整理的是常考的短语和结构汇总,可以把文章收藏起来或打印出来,每天看一点。

1 (see 、hear 、notice 、find 、feel 、listen to 、 look  at (感官动词)+  do 

eg  :I  like   watching  monkeys  jump  

2 (比较级 and 比较级)  表示越来越怎么样 

3 a piece of cake =easy  小菜一碟(容易) 

4 agree with sb  赞成某人 

5 all kinds of  各种各样   a kind of   一样 

6 all over the world = the whole world    整个 世界 

7 along with  同……一道,伴随……   

eg : I will go along with you  我将和你一起去  

the students planted trees along with their teachers  

学生同老师们一起种树 

 

8 As soon as   一怎么样就怎么样 

9 as you can see 你是知道的 

10 ask for ……求助  向…要…(直接接想要的东西)

eg :  ask you for my book   

11 ask sb for sth   向某人什么    

12 ask sb to do sth  询问某人某事          

ask sb not to do  叫某人不要做某事 

13 at the age of     在……岁时         

eg:I am sixteen      I am at the age of sixteen    

14 at the beginning of ……       

……的起初;……的开始 

15 at the end of +地点/+时间   最后;尽头;末尾

eg : At the end of the day 

16 at this time of year   在每年的这个时候 

 

17 be /feel confident of sth /that clause +从句    

感觉/对什么有信心,自信   

eg : I am / feel confident of my spoken English   

I feel that I can pass the test 

18 be + doing  表:1 现在进行时 2 将来时 

19 be able to (+ v 原) = can (+ v 原)  能够……     eg :  She is able to sing         She can sing       

20 be able to do sth  能够干什么   

eg :she is able to sing   

21 be afraid to do (of sth   恐惧,害怕……  

eg : I'm afraed to go out at night     

I'm afraid of dog 

 

22 be allowed to do  被允许做什么 

eg:  I'm   allowed  to  watch   TV     

我被允许看电视

I   should   be  allowed  to  watch  TV  

我应该被允许看电视 

23 be angry with sb  生某人的气    

eg : Don't be angry with me   

24 be angry with(at) sb for doing sth   

为什么而生某人的气 

 

25 be as…原级…as  和什么一样   

eg : She is as tall as me 她和我一样高 

26 be ashamed to     

27 be away from   远离 

28 be away from  从……离开 

29 be bad for  对什么有害  

eg : Reading books in the sun is bad for your eyes  

在太阳下看书对你的眼睛不好 

30 be born  出生于 

 

31 be busy doing sth  忙于做什么事      

be busy with sth   忙于…… 

32 be careful  当心;小心 

33 be different from……  和什么不一样 

34 be famous for  以……著名 

35 be friendly to sb   对某人友好 

36 be from = come from  来自    

eg :He is from Bejing      He comes from Bejing      Is he from Bejing ?       Does he come from Bejing ?

37 be full of   装满……的        be filled with  充满

eg:  the glass is full of water       

the glass is filled with water

 

38 be glad+to+do/从句 

39 be going to + v(原)   将来时 

40 be good at(+doing) = do well in     

在某方面善长, 善于…… 

41 be good for  对什么有好处  

eg : Reading aloud is good for your English  

42 be happy to do             很高兴做某事 

43 be helpful to sb  对某人有好处  

eg : Reading aloud is helpful to you  

大声朗读对你有好处    

Exercising is helpful to your bady  

锻炼对你的身体有好处 

 

44 be in good health      身体健康 

45 be in trouble   处于困难中  

eg : She is in trouble      They are in tronble   

46 be interested in   对某方面感兴趣 

47 be late for = come late to 迟到 

eg: Be late for class   上课迟到 

48 be like  像……    eg : I'm like my mother 

49 be mad at     生某人的气 

50 be made from 由……制成(制成以后看不见原材料) 

51 be made of  由……制成(制成以后还看得见原材料)   

 

52 be not sure 表不确定 

53 be on a visit to  参观 

54 be popular with sb   受某人欢迎 

55 be quiet  安静 

56 be short for  表**的缩写   

eg: 陶 is short for 陶俊杰 

57 be sick in bed  生病在床 

58 be sorry to do sth     be sorry for sb 

eg : I am sorry for you    

59 be sorry to hear that 

60 be sorry to trouble sb      

eg : I am sorry to trouble you   

 

61 be strict in doing  sth  严于做某事   

eg : He's strict in obeying noles 

62 be strict with sb   对某人要求严格   

eg: Some students are not strict with them selves   这些学生对自己不严格 

63 be strict with sb in sth    某方面对某人严格 

 

64 be supposed to do   被要求干什么 

65 be sure   表确定 

66 be sure of doing sth     对做某事有信心    

eg: He is sure of winning     

I am sure of learning English well   

67 be sure of sth  对做某事有信心    

eg: I'm sure of my head (my teacher   

我相信我的大脑(老师) 

68 be sure that sth  对做某事有信心   

eg: I'm suer that he can pass the test   

我相信他能通过考试 

69 be sure to do sth  一定会做某事    

eg: We are sure to pass the test  

我们一定会通过这次考试     

We are sure to learn English well  

我们一定能学好英语 

 

70 be terrified of + 名/动doing   害怕……      

71 be terrified to do sth     害怕做某事   

72 be the same as …    和什么一样 

73 be used to doing sth  习惯做某事   

eg: My father is used to getting up early  

我爸爸习惯早起    

He is used to sleeping in class  

他习惯上课睡觉      

74 be worth doing  值得做什么 

75 be(feel) afraid to do sth    害怕做某事

be afraid of sth     害怕某物    

be afraid that   丛句

 

76 because+句子        because of +短语  

eg : He was late because he had a headache           He was late because of his headache 

77 begin to do = start to do 开始做某事  start…with…=begin…with… 以什么开始什么  

eg : Let's begin the game with the song     

I begin to go home   

78 between…and…  两者之间 

79 borrow sth from sb  向……借……    

lend sth to sb ( lend sb sth   借给……什么东西   

eg : I borrowed a pen from him   

he lent a pen to me ( he lent me a pen  

 

80 both = the same(as) = not different(from)  表相同 

81 bother  打扰   bother sb to do sth     

eg : I'm sorry to bother you ,but can you tell me to way to the station   我十分道歉打扰你,但是你能告诉我怎么去车站 

the problem has been bothering me for weeks  

这个问题困扰了我几个周了 

82 by the end of   到……为止 

83 call sb sth  eg : We call him old wang 

84 care  关心  

eg : Don't you care about this country's future ?

你为什么不关心国家的未来 

 

85 catch up with sb  赶上某人 

86 chat with sb  和某人闲谈     

take sb to + 地点   带某人去某地 

87 come in  进来 

88 come over to   过来 

89 come up with  提出   

eg: Can you come up with a good idea  

你能想出一个好办法吗? 

90 communicate with sb 和某人交流 

91 consider + doing  考虑做什么  

eg : Why not consider going to lu zhou  

为什么不考虑去泸州? 

 

92 dance to  随着……跳舞  eg : She likes dancing to the music  她喜欢随着音乐跳舞 

93 decide to do sth 决定做某事

94 do a survey of   做某方面的调查 

95 do better in   在……方面做得更好 

96 do wrong  做错  

97 Don't forget to do sth  不要忘了做某事 

98 Don't mind +doing /从句 /名词    不要介意…… 

99 each +名(单)每一个……    

eg : Each student has many books  

每一个学生都有一些书 

 

100 end up +doing   

101 enjoy +doing  喜欢 

102 escape from  从……逃跑   

eg: The prisoners have escaped from the prison  

犯人从监狱里逃跑出来

Some gas is escaping from the pipe  

有一些气体从管子里冒出 

103 expect to do sth  期待做某事 

104 fall down  摔下来      fall off  从哪摔下来 

105 fall in love with sb /sth     爱上什么 

106 far from  离某地远    

eg : The school is far from my home   

107 find +it +adj +to do 发现做某事怎么样 

108 find sb/sth +adj   发现什么怎么样?   

eg : I find the book interesting  

109 finish 完成+doing(名词) 

110 fit to sb = be fit for sb  适合某人 

111 forget to do 没有做而忘了     

forget doing  做了而又忘了    

eg: Don't forget to go home      

I forget closing door 

 

112 from…to…  从某某到某某    

eg: From me for her   

113 get/have sth down  做完,被(别人)做……      

eg: I have my hair cut  我理了发(头发被剪了)    

Tom got his bad tooth pulled out  

汤母把他的坏牙拔掉了(被牙医拔掉了) 

114 get a part-time job  = find a part-time  job 

115 get along well with sb = get on well with sb   与某人相处得好 

116 get along with sb = get on with sb 与某人相处 

117 get ready for = be ready for   为什么而准备    

eg : I get ready for math       

I am ready for math     

 

118 get sb in to trouble   给某人麻烦 

119 get sb to do sth 

120 get…from… 从某处得到某物 

121 give a talk  做报告  eg:  He is give a tall 

122 give sth to sb       give sb sth   给某人某物 

123 go fish  钓鱼   go swimming  游泳 

124 go on to do  去做下一件事       go on doing  继续做这件事 

125 go out away from       go out of    

126 go to school   上学(用于专业的)   

go to the school   去学校(不一定是上学)  

127 good way to  好方法 

128 hate to do  讨厌没做过的事     

hate doing    讨厌做过的事  

129 have a party for sb    举办谁的晚会 

130 have a talk   听报告   谈一谈   

131 have been doing   现在完成进行时      

eg :  You have been talking        

You have been sleeping since   

 

132 have been to …(  地方)…去过某过地方          

have gone to …(地方)  去了某地还没回来 

133 have fun +doing  玩得高兴 

134 have sth to do  有什么事要做   

eg: I have a lot of homework to do  

我有很多家庭作业要做      

I have nothing to do  我没什么事情做 

135 have to do sth   必须做某事 

136 have trouble (problem) (in) doing sth  

做什么事情有麻烦 

 

137 have…time +doing    

138 have…(时间)…off   放……假   

eg: I have month off  我请一个月得假 

139 hear sb +do/doing  听见某人做某事/正在做某事 

140 help a lot    很大用处 

141 help sb with sth one's sth  帮助某人某事(某方面)  help sb (to) do sth  帮助某人做某事 

142 hope to do sth   希望做某事 

143 How about(+doing) = What about(+doing) 

144 how do you like  = what do you think of     

你对什么的看法 

 

145 if : 是否=wether    

eg: I don't know if (wether) I should go to the party  

我不知道我是否应该去参加晚会 

He don't know if (wether) we will arrive on time  tomorrow morning  

他不知道我们明天早上是否能准时到达 

146 if :如果   

eg:  I'll go to LuZhou if it does't rain  

假如明天不下雨,我就去泸州  

If they change the plan they will let me know 

假如他们要改变计划,他们会让我知道的 

I'll go to England ,if I have enough money next year  

如果我明年由足够的钱,我就要去英国 

 

147 in one's opinion = sb think  某人认为 

148 in some ways    在某些方面 

149 in the end = finally(adv)   最后 

150 in the north of…  什么在什么的北方   (north 北     sowth 南   west 西   east 东 ) 

151 in the sun  在太阳下 

 

152 increase  增加       

eg : They've increased the prece of petrol by 3%      他们把石油价增加了3%      

the population has increased from 12 million ten years ago to 18 million now 

153 instead of  +(名 ) 代替    

eg:  I'd like an apple instead of a pear  

我想要苹果,而不要梨子 

I like English instead of math   

我喜欢英语而不喜欢数学 

 

154 introduce sb to sb  介绍某人给某人   introduce oneself  自我介绍 

155 invite sb to do sth  邀请某人做某事 

156 It takes sb sometime to do sth    做某人花掉某人多少时间     

eg : It took me 5 minutes to do my homework     

It takes me half an hour to cook 

 

157 It's +adj +for sb to do sth      

对某人来说做某事怎么样 

158 It's +adj +to do 做某事怎么样 

159 It's +adj for sb   对于某人来说怎么样      

It's  +adj  of  sb   对某人来说太怎么样 

160 It's +adj(for sb) to do(对某人来说) 做某事怎么样         

It's +adj of sb to do sth  对某人来说做某事太怎么样  

eg : It's nice of you to help me with my English  

161 It's a good idea for sb to do sth  

对……  来说是个好主意 

162 It's important to sb 对某人来说很重要   

eg: It's important to me 

163 It's time to do sth     It's time for sth   

到了该去做某事的时间   

eg : It's time to have class       

It's time for class   该去上课了 

 

164 join = take part in   参加 

165 just now  刚才 

166 keep +sb /sth +adj /介词短语     

让什么保持什么样? 

167 keep out    不让 …… 进入 

168 keep sb adj  让……保持…… 

eg: I want to keep my mother happy   

keep healthy  保持健康  

169 key to +名词    表示:某物的钥匙或某题的答案 

170 key to…     anser  to …             

key   可以是答题或钥匙

 

171 laugh at… 取笑……        

eg : Don't langh at others     

We langhed at the joke    

172 learn by oneslfe  自学 

173 learn from sb  向某人学习  

eg: We should learn from Lei Feng 

174 learn to do sth   学做某事    

175 let sb do sth  让某人做某事 

176 Let sb down  让某人失望  

eg : We shouldn't let our farents down  

我们不应该让我们的父母失望 

 

177 live from :离某地远  

178 live in +大地方 /at +小地方      居住在某地    

eg: I live in LuZhou   She lives at XuanTan 

179 look after = take care of   照顾 照看 

180 lose one's way     谁 迷 路     

eg : Lose your way   你迷路 

 

181 make a decision to do sth     决定做某事 

182 make friends with sb   和谁成为朋友    

eg :  I want to make friends with you  

183 make it early  把时间定的早一点 

184 make on exhibition of oneself  让某人出洋相 

185 make sb /n +n  使什么成为什么    

eg  : I made her my step moller      

I made you my wife 

186 make sb /sth +adj   使某人(某物)怎么样   

eg :  You must made your bed clean   

187 make sb /sth adj    使某人/某物怎么样 

188 make sb do sth  让某人做某事  

eg : I made him write  我以前让他写 

189 make up     

 be made up of (被动语态)由……组成 

190 make…difference  to… 

 

191 mind sb to do     

mind one's doing  介意……做什么   

192 most +名        most of +代      

193 much too +形容词 

194 must be  一定 

195 need +名词 

196 need sb do sth     需要某人做某事 

197 need to do (实义动词)    need do (情态动词) 

 

198 no /neithr of hate to do          

no /neithr of hate doing     

199 no +名词 

200 not anymore = no more    再也不……   

eg: He didn't cry any more     He cried no more    他再也不哭

201 not… (形 、副)at all      

eg: He's not tall at all    

she doesn't junp far at all   

202 not…at all 一点都不 

203 not…either   表否定,也不  eg : I don't japanse either   I don't have sister, either    我也没有姐姐 

204 not…until       直到……才……   

eg:  I didn't sleep until my mother came back      

The child didn't stop crying until I give her sugar  

 

205 offer / provide sb with sth  给某人提供 

206 offer sb sth ( offer sth to sb  提供什么东西给某人 

eg : I offer you water (I offer water to you   我给你提供水 

207 on one's way to…  在谁去那的路上 

208 on the one hand   一方面       

on the other hand    另一方面 

209 on the phone = over the phone   用电话交谈 

210 on time 准时   in time  及时 

 

211 one day =some day =someday    

一天,有一天 

212  one of +可数名词的复数形式 

213 one to another  一个到另一个    

214 over and over agin   一遍又一遍的    

eg : He cleaned the floor over and over agin    

 

215 part-time job   兼职工作     

fall-time job  全职工作 

216 pay for…  付……钱           

pay the bill  开钱  ,付钱 

217 please +do   

218 please help yourself 

219 pleased with sb    

220 pool into = pore into 

221 practice +doing     练习做某事 

 

222 prefer sth to sth  相对……更喜欢……   

eg : I prefer physics to chemisty 

在物理和化学中,我更喜欢物理    

    

prefer doing to sth  更喜欢去做…不愿意去做…  

eg: He prefers riding a bike to diving 

他更喜欢骑自行车,不开小车 

 

prefer to do sth rather than do sth  宁愿做…也不愿 

eg:  My unde prefers to buy a now car rather than repaiv the used one  我叔叔更喜欢买新的车,也不去修旧车 

 

prefer sb not to do sth  更愿意…   

eg: I prefer her not to come  我不喜欢她不来

 

223 pretend to do sth  装着去做什么  pretend that  从句       

eg : The two cheats pretended to be working very hard  这两个骗子装着努力工作 

He pretended that he did not know the answer  

他装着不知道答案

 

224 rather…than  宁可……也不……  

eg : I would rather be a doctor than a teacher  

我愿肯当医生,也不当老师 

He likes dogs rather than cats  他喜欢狗,不喜欢猫 

225 regard…as    把……当作……       

eg: Please give my best regards to your family   请带我向你的家人我最好的问候    

I regard you as my friend   我把你当作我的朋友  

He shows little regard for others   他不爱关心别人

 

226 remid sb about sth  提醒某人什么事   remid sb to do sth  提醒某人做某事  

eg : he remids me about cooking (he remids me to cook   他提醒我做饭 

227 remid sb of sth 使某人想起什么    

 eg : the pictures remind me of my school days  这照片使我想起了我的学校  

the words that (which) the teacher talke to remind me of my mother 

 

228 return sth to sb  还什么东西给某人 

229 say to oneself   对自己说 

230 say to sb 对某人说 

 

231 sb spend somemoney on sth  

花了多少钱在某事上 

232 sb spend sometime with sb   花了多少时间陪谁 

233 sb spend sometime(in) doing sth   花了多少时间做某事 

234 sb with sb +is     sb and sb +are  

235 see sb do   看见某人做过某事     

see sb doing    看见某人正在做某事 

236 seem to do/be +adj  显得怎么样    

eg :  You seem to be tired       

You seem to be happy   

 

237 send +sb sth   送给某人某物 

238 send…to…把什么寄到哪里去? 

239 shock 使……震惊  eg : Oh , It's only you ! You give me a shock  啊,是你呀!吓我一跳 

240 show sb sth  向某人展示某物     eg : I show her the book. 

241 show sb sth = show sth to sb  拿什么东西给某人看  eg:  Show me your pen     Show your pen to me    

242 show sth to sb 向某人展示某物   eg : I show the book to her. 

243 some…others…   一些……另一些…… 

244 start…with…  从……开始           

begin…with…  从……开始 

 

245 stay away from  远离……      

eg : We're told to stay away from the animals whe visiting the zoo  当我们参观zoo 时,我们要远离动物 

 

246 stop doing 停下正在做的事 

247 stop sb from doing sth  阻止某人做某事 

248 stop sb(from) doing    阻止某人做某事 

249 stop to do 停下正在做的事去做下一件事 

250 such +名     这样  ,这种 

251 suit sb  适合某人 

252 surprise sb   使某人惊奇      

to one's surprise  令某人惊奇 

 

253 take classes  上课 

254 take sb to 把某人带去   

eg : I take you to the hospital 

255 take walks = take a walk = go for a walk  散步 

256 ①talk to 对谁说  eg : I talk to you             

② talk with  和谁说  eg : I talk with him    

③ talk of   谈到   eg : we talked of you      

④ talk  about  谈论关于…… 

 

257 talk with sb  和某人说话 

258 teach sb sth    教某人做某事 

259 tell sb do sth 告诉某人做某事 

260 tell sb sth      tell sb that 丛句       

tell sb not to do sth         tell a story      

261 tell sb sth 告诉某人某事 

262 tell sb to do sth   告诉某人做什么       

tell sb not to do sth    告诉某人不要做什么 

263 tell…from… 

264 thank you for +doing 

265 the same +名词(doing)+as…… 

266 the same…(名)…as               

as…(adj adv)…as  相同

 

267 the way to do sth = 

the way of doing sth   做某方面 的方法

the way to +地方  去哪的路        

e g :  Do  you know the way to learn English         

Do you know the way of learning English   

 

268 the way to…(地点)  到哪的路 

269 too…to…  太怎样而不能……      

adj +enough to 足够…能…     

so…that +丛句   太…  所以…      

eg: He is too young to go to school  =  He is so young that he can't go to school   

He is old enough to go to school  = He is so old that he can go to school  

 

270 transalte ……into……  把什么翻译成什么  

eg : Trasalte English into chinese  

271 travel with sb  和某人去旅游 

272 try one's best to do sth  尽某人最大的努力去做某事  eg: I will try my best to learn English well  

273 try to do sth  想干什么,但没成功   

try doing sth  想干什么,已经做过了  

eg :He tried to climb  他想爬上去,但没成功   

He tried climbing  他想爬上去 

274 try…试衣服           have a try   试一下 

 

275 turn down 开小 ←→ turn up  开大 

276 turn off 关上 ←→  turn on 打开       open  拆开 

277 upside down  倒着 

278 visit to…  参观某个地方 

279 wait for sb   等某人 

280 wait for sb to do sth  等某人做什么   wait for sb  等某人   wait for sometime  等多少时间   

eg : Would you please wait for me to get ready  

等我准备好,好吗? 

Let's wait for the rain to stop  让我们等雨停吧 

 

281 wake sb up   把某人叫醒 

282 want to do sth 想做某事 

283 watch sb do sth    观看某人做某事 

284 welcome to +…(地方)    欢迎到…… 

285 what about +n /doing   eg : what about an apple   

286 what if  如果……怎么办    What if +句子    

eg : What if it is true ? 如果是真的怎么办? 

What if aliens should come to the earth 

假如外星人来到地球怎么办? 

287 what they will do = what to do  

288 What's the matter ? = What's the trouble ? 

= What's wrong ?  有什么困难? 

 

289 while +延续性动词 

290 why don't you do = why not do       

291 will you please do      will you please not do   

292 with one's best = with the help of sb        在某人的帮助下 

293 with the help of sb  在某人的帮助下    with one's help     

294 work at…在某处工作 

295 work with sb  和某人一起工作 

 

296 would like sth /to do sth    

eg : I would like to go to LuZhou

 

297 would you please +do

 

298 yet :至今 ,用在否定句中

 

299 you'd better do 最好做某事 = 

you'd better not do 最好不要做某事 

 

300 不定式 +v(原) 

 

301 联系动词(taste吃起来/sound听起来/look看起来/semll闻起来)+adj 

 

302 名词、副词、 形容词修饰 enongh 时, 形容词放在之前 , 名词 副词放在之后

 

303 太多 too much +不可数     

too many +可数             

much too 相当于 very ,修饰形容词 


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